Tag Archives: alianza_terapéutica

Working alliance

Aquesta setmana redescobreixo un concepte que s’utilitza en el coaching, el de la working alliance, que coneixia en teràpia familiar com a “aliança terapèutica“. He trobat una mica d’informació sobre aquesta qüestió:

working alliance […] is the product of the patient’s and the therapist’s conscious determination and ability to work together on the troublesome aspects of the patient’s internal world, his relationships with others and or other aspects of his life […] the patient has to have sufficient trust in the therapist […] there must be “positive transference”. The working alliance is based on the real relationship between the patient and the therapist and not on a transference relationship. On the other hand, good feelings towards the therapist, trust and belief in her abilities and her genuine motivation to help are a prerequisite for a good working alliance.

(http://fox.klte.hu/~keresofi/psyth/a-to-z-entries/working_alliance.html)

I tot cercant informació sobre aquest tema, m’he creuat amb “The Working Alliance in Teaching and Learning“, un article de Daniel Rogers que parla d’aquest concepte aplicat a l’ensenyament i l’aprenentatge. A més, en un dels apartats hi ha una petita història del naixement i l’evolució d’aquest concepte:

The working alliance concept is rooted in psychotherapy theory and research. Psychoanalytic perspectives have long emphasized the contributions of transference and countertransference phenomena to a therapeutic relationship (e.g., Freud, 1912/1958; Greenson, 1965; Sterba, 1934; Zetzel, 1956). Humanistic and experiential perspectives have focused on the patient’s experience of the relational conditions the therapist offers (e.g., Rogers, 1957; Yalom, 2002). But the most influential theoretical conceptualization of the working alliance has been that offered by Bordin (1979, 1980, 1994). […] Bordin suggested that collaborative work involves three essential components: goal agreement, task agreement, and bond. Goal agreement involves the parties having a shared understanding of the goals for change. Task agreement entails them having a shared understanding of and confidence in the activities that will accomplish these goals. Bond consists of an emotional attachment between the parties that arises through their work together. […] According to Bordin’s theory, the goal agreement, task agreement, and bond components of a collaborative interaction uniquely contribute to the quality of the working alliance. Careful evaluations of these components can yield valuable information about the state of a working alliance and the effectiveness of the collaboration in bringing about the desired change.

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